STUDIES ON THE IMPACT OF FOREST MANAGEMENT ON THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY - OBJECTIVES, METHODS, RESULTS

Stanisław Zając

Abstract


Forestry contributes significantly to solving socio-economic problems, especially in poorly developed and economically disadvantaged regions. The impact of forest management on preventing depopulation, especially of rural areas, is of particular importance. The role of forestry is not only to ensure jobs to local people in the forestry sector, but also to create favourable conditions for the development of the forest-based processing industry and forest services sector, as well as to stimulate the economic, social and environmental potential of these regions.
Forestry is a branch of the economy of supra-regional and supra-national significance. This is evidenced by the value of the global and value-added production of this sector. Forestry provides local budgets with revenues from forest tax, and the state budget - from income tax. In addition, income tax revenues from natural persons and business entities operating in forestry are allocated to these budgets.
The paper presents the objectives, methods and results of an analysis and evaluation of the impact of forest management on the socio-economic development of five communes located in the territory of three Białowieża Forest Districts (Białowieża, Browsk and Hajnówka). The nature and strength of the relationships between forest management and the socio-economic environment were examined using the input-output analysis developed by the American Nobel Prize winner W. Leontief. The study determined the value of the flow of material goods and services outgoing from the forest economy to the environment, and the value of tangible and financial resources coming in to the forest economy from this environment.
The study shows that: 1) 267 people were employed in the Forest Districts under study, 2) the remuneration paid to Forest District staff induced a total number of 91 jobs, 3) the extent of work in the Forest Districts of the Białowieża Primeval Forest enabled the creation of 185 full-time positions for forest workers employed in forest service departments, 4) the cash flows which the Forest Districts earmarked for the purchase of goods and services indirectly created 322 jobs, of which 144 in the territory of the Białowieża Primeval Forest communes, 5) the processing of the wood harvested in the Forest Districts created jobs for 1,111 people, of which 657 worked in the territory of the Białowieża Primeval Forest communes. Every 1,000 m3 of wood produced creates a total number of 15 jobs - 2 jobs in the Forest Districts, 4 for the providers of goods and services, and 9 - for the receivers of forest goods and services. In addition, the unlimited access to forest floor vegetation, including mushrooms, enabled the commune inhabitants to collect fruits, mushrooms and herbs for their own use to a value of PLN 1.600 million annually.

Keywords


socio-economic importance of forest management, input-output analysis, Forest Districts within the Białowieża Primeval Forest

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Forestry Letters  eISSN 2450-4920

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